Osteoporosis

More than 53 million Americans are at risk of having bone structures.
Osteoporosis occurs when your bones become brittle and weak. Meaning, the likelihood of a having a fracture due to a mild fall is high.

The most common places for osteoporosis to occur is the spine, wrist, and hip.

Osteoporosis affects men and women but Asian and white women, especially older women past menopause, are at a higher risk.

Causes.
1.Restricting food intake and other eating disorders weaken bones.
2.Lacking calcium in your diet increases the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium levels lead to bone density reducing and being at risk of fractures.
3.Surgery such as gastrointestinal surgery, done to reduce the size of your stomach limits the amount of surface area for nutrients such as calcium, to be absorbed.

Your lifestyle choices, excessive drinking, tobacco use increase the risk of osteoporosis.

People who have suffered from cancer, multiple myeloma, and celiac disease also have a higher risk of osteoporosis.

Symptoms.
One cannot detect early stages of bone loss but once the bones are weak, the symptoms below are what you may notice.
1.Stooped posture (also known as kyphosis) due to spinal deformity.
2.Severe back pain.
3.Loss of height.

Since it cannot be detected easily, many people only know they have osteoporosis when a sudden bump causes a fracture of the hip.

Detection.
You can have your bone mass checked to determine if you have osteoporosis. Bone mineral density (BMD) tests can predict the chances of fractures occurring in the future.
It ascertains the rate of your bone loss and if treatment is conducted at interval years, monitoring its effects is possible.
Before a fracture occurs, it can detect low bone density.
Depending on the number of fractures you have, it can be confirmed if you have osteoporosis.

Risk factors.
Your age, sex, family history and the frame size of your body are all unchangeable risks increase your chances of having osteoporosis.
Women are prone to having it more than men. Small body frames have a higher risk due to less bone mass as they grow old.

Low sex hormone levels weaken the bone, especially women who have reached menopause. Gradually reduced levels of testosterone in men, maybe due to the treatment of prostate cancer is likely to increase bone loss.

Treatment.
Nutrition, safety measures put in place to prevent falls and exercise are all included in an intensive osteoporosis treatment regimen. Medication can be prescribed to increase bone density, reduce the chances of fractures and stop bone loss.

Exercises.
No matter the time you start exercising, the benefits that you will reap are immense. Your bones will be healthy and it helps reduce your bone loss.
Strength training routines and balance and weight-bearing exercises should be combined to strengthen your upper spine and arms muscles. Also, running, climbing stairs, skating or skipping ropes all help the bones found in your lower spine, hips, and legs.
Doing Tai chi for balance reduces the risk of falling when you grow older.
For an excellent cardiovascular workout, try swimming or cycling.

Nutrition.
1.Eat foods that contain vitamins D to strengthen your bones and help your muscles, nerves, and heart to function properly. Adults need to take 600-800 international units (IU) a day, as a starting point.
2.Protein foods like soy, nuts, dairy, legumes, and eggs are sources of protein. Vegetarians can try taking protein supplements to help build their bones.
3.Low-fat dairy products, calcium-fortified cereals, and orange juice are excellent sources of calcium. Women and men between the age of 18 and 50 are required to consume in a day, 1,000 milligrams of calcium. After 50, the dosage increases to 1,200 milligrams.

Source: https://www.iofbonehealth.org/what-is-osteoporosis