Preventative testing is a major part of practicing medicine. Doctors recommend that everyone receive a physical every year. Middle-aged adults and people with high risk factors should get more tests. Review several of the tests that are necessary to prevent the most common diseases.
Heart disease is the most frequent cause of death worldwide. However, it is preventable in most cases. People in their 30s, 40s, 50s and above are the ideal candidates. There are numerous cases of people in their 30s who have died of heart attacks, so it’s necessary to start the monitoring early.
Doctors perform electrocardiograms and cardiac stress tests. They place the heart under different levels of stress and monitor the results. They also test for high blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are the main risk factors for heart disease.
Like most people, you have occasional problems with diarrhea and constipation, but do not think much of it. Without regular screening, your lack of attention could lead to the development of colon polyps. By the age of 40, doctors will encourage you to receive a colonoscopy or fecal blood test.
Breast cancer is another preventable condition. It’s curable if it’s caught early, but fatal if it’s ignored. Screening helps doctors to identify tumors at the smallest stages.
Treating the cancer months after it first appears is risky. Regular sessions of mammograms are recommended for women aged 40 and older. Women who have a family history of breast cancer should be tested earlier.
Type II diabetes is not as fatal as cancer, so people tend to ignore it. Also, your doctor may not recommend diabetes tests, so it could take years before you receive a diagnosis. Many people show symptoms for years without knowing the exact causes.
Screening for this disease starts by identifying the risk factors. Doctors look for the warning signs of obesity, poor nutrition and lack of exercise. They check the glucose levels using the glucose tolerance test that includes the analysis of blood samples.
Preventative medicine saves millions of lives every year. People benefit more from having preventative tests that detect the early signs of a disease. Young people in their 20s and 30s should receive annual physicals. As they get older, they should undergo a wider range of tests. Overall, it’s your responsibility to monitor your health closely and find the problem before it occurs.