What Is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease primarily affects younger adults, but it also occurs in senior citizens and children. Approximately, three out of 1,000 individuals in North America and Europe have Crohn’s disease. This health problem affects the lining of the digestive tract, leading to chronic inflammation. Some individuals have mild symptoms from Crohn’s disease while other individuals have life-threatening complications. Some of the complications can include developing fistulas or abscesses that can lead to perforations in the intestinal walls causing additional infection or dangerous bleeding.

What Are the Symptoms Of Crohn’s Disease?

The signs of having Crohn’s disease include:

• Anemia
• Abdominal pain
• Fatigue
• Weight loss
• Fever
• Diarrhea
• Arthritis

It is possible to have one or more of these symptoms of Crohn’s disease.

What Causes This Health Problem?

Researchers believe that Crohn’s disease is caused by an abnormal response of the body’s immune system, causing the body to attack its own digestive tract. Additional causes of this disease include having a reaction to certain foods or having certain types of bacteria in the digestive tract.

How Is the Digestive Tract Damaged By Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease can cause damage in any location of the digestive tract, but it typically affects the colon and small intestine. An individual with this medical issue is more likely to develop gallstones that will require removal with a surgical procedure. When the damage from this disease is severe, it can also lead to cancerous cells in the digestive system. Other body systems are also damaged by the inflammation from Crohn’s disease, especially the eye or skin. Someone with this disease is more likely to develop an anxiety disorder or depression.

How Can Someone Alleviate the Symptoms From This Disease?

When someone has Crohn’s disease, she should follow certain guidelines to reduce her symptoms. Some of the guidelines include:

• Avoiding spicy or greasy foods
• Getting enough sleep
• Decreasing fiber intake
• Avoiding stress that changes the digestive juices
• Avoiding alcoholic beverages
• Drinking a lot of water
• Taking dietary supplements to prevent anemia

What Is the Treatment For Crohn’s Disease?

There is no cure for Crohn’s disease, but physicians can provide an assortment of treatments such as immunosuppressant medications or steroids. In some cases, a patient requires surgery to repair problems such as the fistulas or holes that can develop in the digestive tract.